تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

Speaking Fillers

Speaking Fillers

در زبان شناسی، Filler کلمه یا صدایی است که توسط گوینده به کار می رود تا به مخاطب اطلاع دهد که لحظاتی برای فکر کردن به موضوع گفتگو صحبت خود را متوقف نموده است، اما هنوز صحبتش به اتمام نرسیده است. زبان های مختلف انواع متفاوتی از این صداها دارا هستند.

پرکاربردترین Filler ها در زبان انگلیسی صداهای /uh /ʌ/، er /ɜː و /um /ʌm هستند.

در میان قشر جوان اما Filler هایی مانند “Like”، “you know”، “I mean”، “so”، “actually”، “basically” و “right” متداول ترند. رونالد ریگان رییس جمهور سابق آمریکا به استفاده از کلمه ی “well” به عنوان Filler و باراک اوباما به استفاده از کلمه ی “…look” به عنوان Filler شناخته شده اند.

همچنین، گاهی از Filler ها برای پر کردن فضای خالی میان صحبت هایمان استفاده می کنیم. مثلا هنگامی که مدتی نسبتا طولانی در حال صحبت هستیم، در میانه ی صحبت هایمان نیاز به اندکی درنگ و جستجو برای یافتن لغات مناسب داریم، در چنین مواقعی سکوت می تواند نشان دهنده ی ضعف ما باشد. این فضای خالی را توسط کلمات و عبارت هایی با نام Gap Filler پر می کنیم. این عبارت ها می توانند با معنا و یا بدون معنا باشند.

به شما زبان آموزان توصیه می نماییم که برای بالا بردن توانایی خود در هنگام صحبت کردن و نشان دادن تسلط خود بر زبان انگلیسی از Filler ها استفاده نمایید. مثلا عبارتی مانند “… Oh, let me see” در هنگام صحبت کردن درباره ی مسایل پیچیده یا طولانی، به راحتی به شما فرصت می دهد تا به انتخاب کلمات مناسب و فکر کردن درباره ی موضوع صحبت بپردازید.

Fillers in conversation (used only in speaking):

um, uh, yeah, I mean, I guess, you know, ok, oh, so, well

Usage of Gap Fillers:

  • Tell me.
  • Tell me something.
  • Don’t tell me.
  • Wow!
  • If you say so…
  • You mean to say?
  • Do you mean to say?
  • Do you know what I mean?
  • Well!
  • You see!
  • You know…
  • I know.
  • I see.
  • Oh! I see.
  • You mean…? Say.
  • Incidentally
  • Actually
  • By the way
  • Believe me.
  • Come on.
  • As if…
  • Not at all
  • Never
  • No way
  • Not a chance
  • By all means
  • Of course
  • Surely
  • Certainly
  • Definitely
  • Oh! Sure
  • However
  • Anyway
  • Meanwhile
  • Do…?
  • So what!
  • Obviously
  • In fact
  • Actually
  • Exactly
  • Precisely
  • By all means
  • Ah!
  • Oh!
  • Alas!
تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

نمونه رایتینگ آیلتس قسمت بیستم

نمونه رایتینگ آیلتس قسمت بیستم

When choosing a job, the salary is the most important consideration. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many people choose their jobs based on the size of the salary offered. Personally, I disagree with the idea that money is the key consideration when deciding on a career, because I believe that other factors are equally important.

On the one hand, I agree that money is necessary in order for people to meet their basic needs. For example, we all need money to pay for housing, food, bills, health care, and education. Most people consider it a priority to at least earn a salary that allows them to cover these needs and have a reasonable quality of life. If people chose their jobs based on enjoyment or other non-financial factors, they might find it difficult to support themselves. Artists and musicians, for instance, are known for choosing a career path that they love, but that does not always provide them with enough money to live comfortably and raise a family.

Nevertheless, I believe that other considerations are just as important as what we earn in our jobs. Firstly, personal relationships and the atmosphere in a workplace are extremely important when choosing a job. Having a good manager or friendly colleagues, for example, can make a huge difference to workers’ levels of happiness and general quality of life. Secondly, many people’s feelings of job satisfaction come from their professional achievements, the skills they learn, and the position they reach, rather than the money they earn. Finally, some people choose a career because they want to help others and contribute something positive to society.

In conclusion, while salaries certainly affect people’s choice of profession, I do not believe that money outweighs all other motivators.

تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

نمونه سوالات آیلتس آکادمیک می ۲۰۱۷ ایران

Writing task 1 (Report)

There was a diagram showing the production process of deep-fired salted peanuts. We had to explain and summarize it.

Writing task 2 (Essay)

Nowadays young people are spending most of their leisure time using smartphones and tablets for entertaining. Is it a positive or a negative development? Give your own opinion and examples.

Speaking test

Interview

  • What is your full name?
  • Can I see your ID?
  • Where are you from?
  • Do you work or study?

Cue Card

Describe a painting or a work of art that you saw and liked. Please say

  • What is it?
  • Where and when did you see it?
  • Explain the impression it made on you.

Discussion

  • Do you like arts in general?
  • What kind of art do you like more?
  • Why is that?
  • Do you engage in art-related activities yourself? Why?
تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

نمونه رایتینگ آیلتس قسمت نوزدهم

Nowadays celebrities are more famous for their glamour and wealth than for their achievements, and this sets a bad example to young people.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

It is true that some celebrities are known for their glamorous lifestyles rather than for the work they do. While I agree that these celebrities set a bad example for children, I believe that other famous people act as positive role models.

On the one hand, many people do achieve fame without really working for it. They may have inherited money from parents, married a famous or wealthy person, or they may have appeared in gossip magazines or on a reality TV programme. A good example would be Paris Hilton, who is rich and famous for the wrong reasons. She spends her time attending parties and nightclubs, and her behaviour promotes the idea that appearance, glamour and media profile are more important than hard work and good character. The message to young people is that success can be achieved easily, and that school work is not necessary.

On the other hand, there are at least as many celebrities whose accomplishments make them excellent role models for young people. Actors, musicians and sports stars become famous idols because they have worked hard and applied themselves to develop real skills and abilities. They demonstrate great effort, determination and ambition, which is required for someone who wants to be truly successful in their chosen field. An example is the actor and martial artist Jackie Chan, who has become world famous through years of practice and hard work. This kind of self-made celebrity can inspire children to develop their talents through application and perseverance.(Add your own conclusion)