تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

نکته برای رایتینگ تسک ۲

از نکات بسیار مهم در موضوعاتی که در آزمون واقعی آیلتس در بخش دوم رایتینگ داده می شوند، کلمه and می باشد که می تواند تاثیر بسیار مهمی بر پوشش سوال و کار داده شده یا بخش Task Response ما داشته باشد.
به موضوع زیر دقت کنید:

Nowadays many young people are often spending their free time in shopping centers. This has a negative effect on the youths and the society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your opinion and relevant examples.

کافی است کلمه AND را نادیده بگیرید و بجای تمرکز بر روی جوان ها و جامعه، فقط بر روی یکی از آنها تمرکز کنید، مطمئنا نمره بخش TR یا پوشش سوال داده شده را از دست خواهید داد.

پس توصیه ما صرف یک زمان چند دقیقه ای بسته به سرعت شما و دقت شما بر روی سوال و فهم و آنالیز و پیداکردن کلمات کلیدی سوال می باشد.

تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

نمونه رایتینگ تسک ۱ آیلتس با ۴ مدل جواب

The bar chart below shows the results of a survey conducted by a personnel department at a major company. The survey was carried out on two groups of workers: those aged from 18-30 and those aged 45-60, and shows factors affecting their work performance.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

You should write at least 150 words.

Sample Answer 1:

The supplied bar graph compares different factors which affect the work performance of two different age group.

As is presented as a result of a survey in the given bar chart, for the both age group of 18-30 and 45-60, team spirit affects work performance equivalently and that is little over 60%. The reason ‘ chance for personal development’ works for the younger age group about 90% which is more than twice than the older age group. The similar scenario is true for the relaxing environment too and this reason affects more than 80% of the 18-30 age group workers and about only 30% of the 45-60 years workers. About 45% younger workers’ work performance is affected by the job security compared to little over 20% older workers. The only case where 45-60 years workers are influenced more than their younger counterpart is ‘respect from colleagues’ which is about 50% for this age group workers in contrast to 40% (approximately ) for the 15-30 years age group. The promotional prospect is an important reason that drives younger employees to work better and this reason affects 80% younger workers compared to almost 45% aged job holders. For the lower age group job satisfaction, work environment & money affects their job performance about 50%, 30% & about 75% consecutively compared to about 45%, 30% and 70% of 45-60 years job holders.

In short, workers job performance are highly affected by chance for personal development, team spirit, promotion prospects, job satisfaction and salary.

(Approximately 249 words)

Model Answer 2:

The given graph presents information on a variety of reasons that tend to impact job performance and it is divided by differentiating between two age categories of 18-30 years and 45-60 years. The data sample is collected from a personnel department at a big company.

Firstly, the graph shows that 90% value personal development between the age ranges of 18-30; followed by comfortable work environment and promotional prospects at an 80%. Secondly, the age range of 45- 60 are motivated by monetary aspects as 70% of the mentioned age group seem to perform better in this category.

Thereafter, the particular age group values team spirit as 60% of the age range is provided in the graph chose this category after money. However, though each group varied on their factors affecting their work performance, both age groups were highly motivated and at par by team spirit (60%) and Money (70%- 74%).
[Written by – Rashidah ]

Model Answer 3:

The given bar graph shows the results of a survey which was conducted by a company and gives data on the important factors that determine the work performance. The survey was conducted among the employees dividing them into two age groups, namely 18-30 and 45-60. As is observed from the comparison bar graphs chance for personal development, relaxed working environment, promotion prospects and salary are the main motivating factors for young people for their work performance. On the contrary, comparatively aged people’s work performance are affected by the factors like money, competent boss and team spirit.

The survey results are presented in a bar graph and there are total ten factors that affect the employees’ work performance. The survey was done among the people of two age groups: 18-30 and 45-60 years. The young employees put the ‘chance for personal development’ as the most important factor for work performance and more than 80% of them consider this as the most important factor. Relax working environment, promotion prospects and money are three other important factors for work performance for this age group. The employees of the young group place the work environment, job security and respects from colleagues are the least preferred reasons for work performance for comparatively young employees.

On the contrary, the aged people who are over 45 years old and are less than 60, consider the money and team spirit are two most important issue for their performance in the job place. Job security, relaxed working environment and work environment affect this group the least. Interestingly, the issues which are preferred by the same percentage of both age groups of employees are team spirit (60%), competent boss (50%) and job satisfaction (50%).

In summary, the survey makes it clear that the young people work hard for their personal development, promotions, money and relaxed working environment whereas the aged people perform better for money, team spirit, competent boss, promotion and job satisfaction.

Model Answer 4:

The stipulated vertical bar chart depicts the outcome of a survey carried out by the personnel department of a major company and the survey was conducted among 18-35 and 45-60 age groups in order to show various elements that influence their job efficiency. At a glance, money is the motivating factor among both age groups.

To commence with, apparently, among both age groups of 18-35 and 45-60, team spirit motivates equal proportion of people that is 60%. Not only the chance for personal development but also the relaxed working environment is influenced youngsters about 90% and 80 % respectively which is twice than older age group. Surprisingly, competent boss and the job satisfaction have almost an equal proportion of workers satisfaction in both age groups. Apparently, job security only motivates 20 percent of elders whereas, it is among youngsters 40. Even though, 80% youngsters are motivated by promotion prospects, in the case of the old group, only 45% work for promotion. Interestingly, both age groups take money as the most equally encouraging factor to work with 75% while work environment was least with 30%.

To conclude, youngsters give great value to chance for personal development at workplaces.

تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

نمونه اسپیکینگ آیلتس

This speaking test for IELTS is on the topic of possessions.

Possessions

Part 1

Time: 4-5 minutes

Now, in this first part of the test I’m going to ask you some questions about yourself.

Lets talk about your hometown.

  • What kind of place is your hometown?
  • What do young people do for entertainment in your hometown?
  • What is the worst thing about living in your hometown? (Why?)

I’d like to move on and ask you some questions about tourism in your country.

  • What should a visitor see and do in your country?
  • Are there any traditional art or music that you would recommend? (Why?)
  • Tell me about the kind of visitor who come to your country.

Let’s move on and talk about being on time for appointments.

  • Is being late acceptable in your culture? (Why/why not?)
  • Are you ever late for appointments? (Why/why not?)
  • What type of excuses do you think are alright for lateness?
  • How do you feel when someone is late for an appointment with you?

Part 2

Time: 3-4 minutes

Now, I’m going to give you a topic and I’d like you to talk about it for 1-2 minutes.

Before you talk you’ll have one minute to think about what you are going to say and you can make notes if you wish. Do you understand?

Ok, here’s some paper and a pencil to make notes, and here is your topic. I’d like you to describe something you own which is very important to you.

Describe something you own which is very important to you.

You should say:

  • What you use it for
  • How long you have had it
  • Where you got it from

And explain why it is so important to you.

Follow up questions:

  • Is it valuable in terms of money?
  • Would it be easy to replace?

Part 3

Time: 4-5 minutes

We’ve been talking about something you own which is very important to you, and I’d now like to ask you some questions related to this.

First, lets consider values and the way they change.

  • What kinds of possessions give status to people in your country?
  • Has it always been the same or were different possessions thought of as valuable in the past?
  • Why do you think people need to show their status in society?

Now we’ll discuss the role of advertising.

  • Do you think advertising influences what people buy?
  • Do advertisements give correct information, or do they encourage people to buy things that they may not need?
  • Is advertising really necessary in modern society?

Thank you. That is the end of the speaking test for IELTS.

تدریس خصوصی آیلتس

پیشوندها و پسوندها در زبان انگلیسی

حتما برای شما اتفاق افتاده که هنگام خواندن یک متن انگلیسی با کلمات نا آشنای زیادی برخورد کرده باشید؛ یکی از مهم ترین دلایل این مشکل ندانستن پیشوندها و پسوندها است. با یادگیری پیشوندها و پسوندها می توانید معنی خیلی از واژگان نا آشنا را حدس بزنید که نتیجه ی آن افزایش دایره لغات شماست. پیشوندها (prefixes) به ابتدای ریشه کلمات اضافه می شوند، آنها معمولا بین یک تا سه حرف هستند. پسوندها (suffixes) به انتهای ریشه کلمات اضافه می شوند که معمولا بین یک تا پنج حرف می باشند.

پیشوندها

dis-

با اضافه کردن پیشوند dis به افعال از آنها متضاد می سازیم. یک مثال در این خصوص کلمه disagree (به معنای مخالف بودن) است که متضاد agree (به معنای موافق بودن) می باشد.

مثال های بیشتر disallow, disappear, dislike


ex-

exبه معنای سابق یا قبلی است که با اسامی ترکیب می شود. اسامی ترکیب شده با این پیشوند نشان دهنده این است که مثلا کسی در گذشته در پستی کار می کرد ولی الان دیگر در آن پست کار نمی کند، یا کسی قبلا همسر کسی دیگر بود ولی الان دیگر نیست و غیره. کلمه ex-husband (شوهر سابق) یک مثال برای پیشوند ex می باشد.

مثال های بیشتر ex-employer, ex-friend, ex-president


mis-

این پیشوند به افعال و اسامی اضافه می شود و نشان می دهد که چیزی به صورت بد یا اشتباه انجام داده شده است. مثلا کلمه mishear حاکی از آن است که شخصی چیزی را اشتباهی شنیده است، یا misprintنشان دهنده این است که چیزی به صورت اشتباه چاپ شده است.

مثال های بیشتر miscalculate, misinform, misunderstand


pre-

پیشوند preبا اسامی و صفات ترکیب می شود. واژگان ساخته شده به چیزی اشاره می کنند که قبل از چیزی دیگر اتفاق می افتد. یک مثال در این خصوص عبارت pre-gameexercise (تمرین قبل از بازی) می باشد.

مثال های بیشتر pre-dinner, pre-job, pre-match


re-

re با افعال و اسامی آنها ترکیب می شود که به معنای دوباره است. برای مثال remarryبه معنای دوباره ازدواج کردن است و remarriage (ازدواج دوباره) اسم فعلremarry می باشد.

مثال های بیشتر reappear, rebuild, rename


un-

پیشوند unبه صفات، اسامی و قیدها اضافه می شود تا متضاد آنها را بسازد. برای مثال اگر un را به صفت acceptable (به معنی قابل قبول) اضافه کنیم کلمه unacceptable (به معنی غیر قابل قبول) بوجود می آید که متضاد acceptable می باشد.

مثال های بیشتر unable, uncomfortable, unfair :

از پیشوندهای زیر نیز می توان برای اسامی و افعال جهت ساخت کلمات متضاد استفاده کرد:

il-, im-, in-, ir-


پسوندها

-ed

پسوند ed به افعال اضافه می شود و زمان آنها را به گذشته تبدیل می کند. کلمه workedیک مثال برای این پسوند است.

مثال های بیشترcleaned, looked, walked


-er

این پسوند دو کاربرد مهم دارد:

  • er با افعال ترکیب می شود و اسامی آنها را بوجود می آورد. اسامی بوجود آمده اغلب مربوط به مشاغل می باشند. مثلا کلمه teacher (معلم) از فعل teach مشتق شده است.
    مثال های بیشتر baker, leader, player
  • در کاربرد دوم er به صفات تک هجایی برای مقایسه کردن اضافه می شود که مربوط به ضمایر تفضیلی می باشد:
    Robert is taller than his friend.
    رابرت از دوستش بلندتر است.
    مثال های بیشتر bigger, longer, older

-ful

ful به اسامی اضافه می شود و از آنها صفت می سازد. powerful (قوی) نمونه ای از این صفات است.

مثال های بیشتر beautiful, harmful, useful


-ion

پسوند ion به افعال اضافه می شود و از آنها اسم می سازد. برای مثال با اضافه کردن ionبه protect (به معنای حمایت کردن) اسم protection (حمایت) بوجود می آید.

مثال های بیشتر action, connection, education :

پسوندهای ition و sion نیز همین کاربرد را دارند.


-ize

izeبا اسامی ترکیب می شود و از آنها فعل می سازد. یک مثل در این خصوص کلمهapologize (عذر خواهی کردن) می باشد که با اضافه شدن ize به کلمه apology (عذر خواهی) ساخته شده است.

مثال های بیشترemphasize, memorize, summarize

این پسوند در انگلیسی آمریکایی استفاده می شود، در انگلیسی بریتانیایی برای این منظور از پسوند ise استفاده می شود.


-ly

این پسوند با صفات ترکیب می شود و از آنها قید می سازد. exactly (به معنای دقیقا) یک مثال در این خصوص است.

مثال های بیشتر badly, finally, normally


-ous

ousیکی دیگر از نشانه های صفات در زبان انگلیسی است که به ویژگی چیزی یا شخصی اشاره می کند. برای مثال famous (مشهور) حاوی این پسوند است.

مثال های بیشتر ambitious, curious, previous