Writing for IELTS session5
when/ whenever/ since/ before/ after/ as soon as/ by the time/ as/ while/…
I have not seen him [since he moved to London]
He makes trouble [where he goes].
- Cause and reason:
because/ inasmuch as/ as/ since/ due to the fact that/ because of the fact
that/ regarding the fact that/ on account of the fact that/ owing to the fact that/ on
grounds of the fact that.
[Owing to the fact that all the able-bodied men were at the front], women had to do
all the work.
as/ in that/ while
[As she was thinking about the solution of the problem], I try to come up with a new
While/ though/ although/ even though/ despite the fact that/ in spite of the
fact that/ not withstanding the fact that/ regardless of the fact that/
She attended the conference, [regardless of the fact that she had not been given the
privilege to go for free].
For “contrast adverbial clauses” it is necessary to use “,” if it comes either at the
beginning or at the end of the main sentence.
if/ providing (that)/ in case (that)/ provided (that)/ unless/ on the condition
that/ on the account that/
You can come with us on holiday [providing that you do some of the cooking.]
…as adj/ adv as …/
She is as sociable as you said.
She behaves as sociably as she could.
… more + adj + than + clause
… adj + er + than + clause
Mr. Smith was more intelligent than all the staff members.
Mr. Smith was smarter than all the staff members.
… so + adj/adv + that + clause
… such + (a/ an) + adj + noun + that + clause
Example: That family was so kind that I stayed with them longer.
He drove so carelessly that I was totally shocked.
That was such a kind family that I stayed with them longer.
He was such a careless driver that I was totally shocked.
In the hope that/ in order that/ so that/ …
I called her [so that I could invite her to my party.